Neither the MUD plebiscite nor Maduro’s ANC
No support for those leaders!
2014 was the starting point in which the government began a course of delivering sovereignty and consolidating business to international financial capital. The “Law of integral regionalization for the socio-productive development of the motherland” for the creation of special economic zones is the most concrete example. In order to make possible such an economic adjustment, which involved the sacrifice of importing food and medicines to pay billions of dollars of foreign debt, the government progressively secured a clear authoritarian, undemocratic stride and of violation of the constitution.
Since April 2017, there has been a significant level of social and political conflict, which has been raging for more than three months with nearly 100 people murdered; phenomena of violence begin to develop which can lead to a regrettable scenario of war and further bloodshed. Violence, encouraged and assimilated by the PSUV and MUD leaders, unleashed irrationality and fanaticism in social sectors, and acted as a great retaining wall to cover up the structural problems of the crisis and the discussion of the emergency measures needed to face it.
The initiative of the National Constituent Assembly (ANC), carried out by President Maduro on May 1st, intensified the discomfort and levels of physical confrontation, by representing the possible concretization of a supra-state power with plenipotentiary powers and the disappearance of the Constitution of ’99. Beyond the wishes of some honest candidates to make proposals to debate, the ANC would be the space in which the bureaucratic cronies of the PSUV government would debate a new regime that would eliminate the universal political and democratic rights and mechanisms of sovereignty .
Almost two months later, the Democratic Unity Table (MUD) launches a “Plebiscite” proposal, now called “Popular Consultation”, as a “participatory” action that will confront the executive’s proposal and will map out a supposed path for ” democracy”.
What lies behind the Plebiscite?
Under the same mafia and confrontational logic of leadership politics, the Plebiscite becomes the counter-proposal to ANC on the part of the other pole that seeks to intervene in this dispute for the currencies entering the PDVSA. This initiative intends to legitimize a new factual power in the country, allowing the right-wing leadership to be part of this dispute: either through armed violence on the street or in a possible transitional government and / or pact, scenarios in which people would be excluded from participation with a leading role in any decision. This can be seen in the body of plebiscite questions and in the objective that each one fulfills:
1. Do you reject and ignore the holding of a National Constituent Assembly proposed by Nicolás Maduro without the prior approval of the Venezuelan people? Undoubtedly, this aims to be the hook to attract sectors of the people to participate. The mass popular repudiation of the constituent and the fact that one is passing over the original power to impose a new constitution motivates the citizens to seek any mechanism to express their rejection and disenchantment with the constituent.
2. Do you demand the Bolivarian National Armed Forces to obey and defend the Constitution of the year 1999 and to support the decisions of the National Assembly? There is a bet on the commitment to the realization of a division in the FANB and the consolidation of a military sector that supports the initiatives of the MUD (majority in the NA). For this direction, defending the Constitution is to concretize civil, and now military disobedience, backed up in art. 350 of the Constitution. They seek support from the Armed Forces for any action and / or maneuver they carry out.
3. Do you approve the renewal of the Public Powers in accordance with the Constitution, as well as the holding of elections and the formation of a new government of national unity? Added to the second, this is the question that synthesizes MUD’s background policy. The illegitimate renewal of Public Powers and the structuring of a so-called “government of national unity” translates into the installation of a double power that someway or another bets to throw it on any terrain, even if it means death of thousands of people. This political initiative has a clear destitute character.
It is no longer a question problem and whether it should change. The true intent of the MUD leadership was revealed. The ANC and the “Popular Consultation” are the concrete proposals to ignore and dismiss the Constitution of 99 that is now accepted by all the people.
We call on the citizens who honestly believe that this is a democratic way to think about the consequences of this “consultation” and not participate in it.
We are currently facing a dispute between a business sector that has consolidated in recent years through a mafia pattern of accumulation and part of a business sector that has been replaced in the last 17 years.
None intends to yield. Both bet on total and full control of income. That is why depending on the course of political events this confrontation can lead to a civil and military confrontation and / or an agreement between leaders in which some of these business sectors are displaced and bet on the consolidation of a new system of accumulation of income similar to a mafia.
Shortcuts leading to emptiness
The scenario of uncertainty, instability, chaos, conflict and, above all, the restriction of social rights and the absence of clear alternatives creates the conditions for any apparent political maneuver of “democratic” to be a progressive exit, as is the case of the “Plebiscite” Or “Popular Consultation” convened by MUD. The posture of some sectors that come from Chavismo demonstrates this, and we affirm that this is a wrong posture. We should not be confused. The Popular Consultation is not a tactic of unity of action of different sectors in defense of a political struggle of national interest, as it could be the revocation of the decree of the Arco Minero, nor contemplates a protest fight. The 16-J Consultation is a political initiative of a leadership with interests opposed to that of the Venezuelans who suffered from the crisis, and that if it came to the government, it would apply an economic adjustment package similar to what the current government has been running.
Participating or recognizing this initiative as a democratic tool is a political illusion that leads to the precipice of varnishing a reactionary direction as democratic. Beyond the intentions that these sectors from the left could have, concretely it would be a contribution to the polarizing scenario that seeks to annihilate the great diversity of voices in the country, among them those of the critical chavismo, and, mainly, to hide the fundamental economic problems related to the collapse of petroleum renting and the mafia management of income.
Instead of defending the Constitution, MUD rules it out
With the systematic violation of constitutional rights, state repression and the installation of a permanent state of exception, as explained in previous documents, MUD was able to demagogically and superficially deploy in public opinion that the main and only conflict is the contradiction democracy-dictatorship. By means of a polarized and Manichean reading, this leadership places the government as the classic dictatorship, and that anyone opposing it contemplates “democracy.”
Certainly, the contradiction is present and not small. The clearly totalitarian features of the government and the loss of democratic rights point to an authoritarian course. But the question remains: if republican democracy is at risk, how do you defend democracy? Here is the subject. From our perspective, the only way to defend democracy is to defend the constitution, and the MUD is a coalition of parties whose leadership was in charge of discarding and handing over the fight in defense of the Constitution. In addition, due to its neoliberal, conservative and coup-promoting past, it is worth doing a quick review of its actions in the last year and a half to corroborate this affirmation:
a. Capitulation in the struggles: Since their arrival at the National Assembly (AN), MUD has capitulated to arbitrary government actions. They denounce abuses discursively, but never used coherent actions to avoid arbitrariness, and a few weeks ago they left the subject as if nothing had happened. Proof of this is the delivery of the recall referendum and indifference in the conduct of regional elections within the constitutional term. This is compounded by TSJ ignorance of the Amazonas deputies, in which the will of the citizens of that region is unrecognized. Today, the elections in Amazonas is a requirement that has fallen into oblivion.
b. Double Speech: the clearest example is the Orinoco Arco Minero. The MUD bench in the National Assembly unanimously rejected the 2248 decree in June 2016. Subsequently, in May 2017 a letter was made public by Julio Borges, current president of AN and head of the coalition, addressed to the organizers of the “Latin America Down Under” in Australia with the participation of the Minister of Ecological Mining. In this letter, Borges expressed that the agreements signed with the current government were not valid, but that once “democracy is restored in our country, our doors will be open to receive the investments, with the legal certainty that the country needs To be directed along a path of progress and development. ”
c. Unconstitutional or unsupported proposals: the political judgment of the president of the republic, the questioning of his nationality or the charge of abandoning his position were some of the actions that the opposition party tried to carry out. Proposals that are completely unbalanced in reality and alienated from the most felt needs of the population.
d. Discarding initiatives within the constitutional framework: although there are many cases of this type, the actions against the ANC are the clearest. Before this measure of the executive, MUD proposal is a “consultation” of insurrectional character. Simultaneously from the “Platform in defense of the Constitution” concrete initiatives were taken in the constitutional framework: 1) the adhesion to a demand of nullity of the district bases of the ANC, admitted in the TSJ; 2) the solicitude of the Recall Referendum of such district bases before the CNE. In addition to these, some independent sectors of the leaderships have proposed that the same 30-J be held prior consultation. These are actions that can guide a clear democratic struggle that includes all social sectors, regardless of ideological diversity, but clearly MUD prefers to choose other paths.
Urgent measures to stop the disaster
For all the above reasons, from Marea Socialista, we are convinced that the only way to defend democracy and prevent an even greater bloodshed is to RETURN TO THE CONSTITUTION OF 99. We therefore reiterate the following urgent measures:
In the Political scope:
– Suspension of the plebiscite proposed by MUD
– Suspension of the ANC proposed by the Presidency of the Republic.
– Strict compliance with regional elections
– Public and well-delimited timeline for presidential elections
– Free registration of all political organizations that choose to participate in elections.
In the Economic scope:
– Priority of the use of currencies to import food and medicines, on top of any other commitment.
– Suspension of payment of external debt for a certain period of time. Public and citizen auditing of such debt to determine its legitimacy and legality.
– Repatriation of Venezuelan capital abroad. Our researches certify that more than 500 billion dollars have evaded. Government and MUD spokespeople have certified that evasion is more than $ 300 billion.
– Change in the distribution of the national budget. In 2017, more than 17% of the budget is destined for the Ministry of Interior, Justice and Peace, far surpassing that destined for the Ministry of Health, a sector that is currently facing a serious crisis.